Skip Tips

 

The Following Search tips are from:   http://www.techradar.com/us/how-to/internet/25-handy-google-search-tips-and-tricks-1260823

Not all tips listed in link above are listed below.  Just getting started....
Putting a phrase in quotation marks searches for that exact text, whereas adding a minus sign excludes the word, and using OR gives Google a choice, such as World Cup location 2014 OR 2022. Boolean operators such as AND or OR should be in upper case.
It turns out that Google is very good at filling in the blanks, so if you're trying to remember the lyrics to a song or get a list of the things a famous inventor created, just add an asterisk in the bit of your query you want Google to answer.
Now, though, Google's natural language search is very impressive. You don't need to type "distance Glasgow London", Just ask "How far is it to London?",
 If you want to restrict your search to a particular website or domain, "site:" does that – so for example "site:techradar.com" restricts searches to Techradar.com while "site:uk" limits the search to UK domains. "source:" does the same for news sources while "intitle:" looks only at web page titles, and "inurl:" restricts searches to the actual page addresses.    Combining these commands with normal search operators – AND, OR, site: and so on – enables you to craft very precise search queries.
Google's image search enables you to set all kinds of criteria from the image size to whether you're allowed to use it commercially, but one of its smartest features is hidden behind an icon – if you've already got something pretty close to the image you're looking for, you can carry out a reverse image search that uses your photo as the search criteria.  Performing a reverse search couldn't be simpler. Go to Image Search, tap the icon of the camera and either paste the photo's URL or click on Upload An Image.
The "filetype:" operator looks for particular kinds of files and "site:" can restrict searches to particular domains. Use both, add "confidential" and you can look for, say, Excel spreadsheets in the UK with the word "confidential" in them. This tip comes to you courtesy of the NSA.  More practically, using the filetype command to look for PDFs can help uncover product manuals and various official documents, while restricting searches to particular kinds of media files makes searching for music or video much simpler.
When you search for places that means you can get more information than just a dry Wikipedia entry. Search "CITYNAME attractions" for thumbnails showing points of interest, and pop into Maps, enter an address and then tap Search Nearby to look for specific things near that address such as pubs, places to eat or other essentials.

If you're looking for something within a numeric range, such as products between two prices or events between two dates, you can restrict Google's search to a specific number range by using two dots, such as: "1914..1918" or "$250..$350".

Fancy a random wander around the world? If you use Google's "inurl:" operator with common webcam page filenames or "intitle:" for common webcam page titles, you can do just that. For example, "intitle:live view / - axis" looks for certain kinds of security cameras, while "inurl:view/index.shtml" searches for common kinds of webcam. As you might imagine the quality and interestingness of the cameras you'll find varies dramatically, but it's fun pretending to be an all-seeing overlord.

Google Translate does an excellent job of turning text from one language to another, and while it's easy to create really mangled text by running the same thing through a bunch of different filters it does have practical uses, such as quickly translating entire pages to help you find information. Just pop to translate.google.com and either paste the text, enter the URL or upload the document you want converted into another language. The results are instant, and surprisingly accurate.

Google News has a fantastic feature that you might not know about: Viewable newspaper archives that in some cases go back hundreds of years. It's mainly but not exclusively American, and the search feature is surprisingly good – not only has Google scanned the old newspapers, but it's used optical character recognition on them too. That means you can carry out searches such as "deaths 1862" and get instant results. It's fascinating stuff, and you'll find it at https://news.google.com/newspapers.

The "filetype:" operator is really useful in Google Image Search – for example, if you're looking for hilarious animations of cats, "cats filetype:GIF" returns nothing but GIF images. For more sensible searches you can look for JPG, PNG, BMP or SVG images, and you can also search for ICO icon files and images in the new ultra-efficient WEBP format too.

If you'd like to know how much a place has changed in the last few years, you can travel backwards in time using Street View. To pretend you're in Back to the Future, use Street View in the Google Maps site and look for the icon of a clock to the top left of the image. If the Google cars have been there multiple times, you'll be able to slide backwards through the different images Google's vehicles have taken.

If you'd like to know how much a place has changed in the last few years, you can travel backwards in time using Street View. To pretend you're in Back to the Future, use Street View in the Google Maps site and look for the icon of a clock to the top left of the image. If the Google cars have been there multiple times, you'll be able to slide backwards through the different images Google's vehicles have taken.

By default Google searches the entire internet for the answers to your queries, but if you'd like to restrict searches to a specific area it's easy to do that too. Enter your search criteria as normal and then click on the Search Tools button. You should now see Google's guess of your location – click on that and enter the place or postcode you want to restrict search results to. It's particularly handy for researching trips to places you're going to visit.

You can restrict search results to a single country too. There are two ways to do that – you can use the Search Tools button and change "Any Country" to "Country: The UK" (or whatever country you're currently in), or you can click on the gear icon, select Advanced Search and use the "then narrow your results by" option to choose a specific country or region.  Unfortunately some of the choices are a little wide – for example, you can set the region to the UK but you can't specify England, Scotland, Wales or Northern Ireland.

Google enables you to use a photo as your search criteria by dragging and dropping it into the search box, and you can use that in some clever ways – uploading photos of food can help you find recipes, photos of people can help you find out who they are, and photos you're suspicious about can quickly be uncovered as online hoaxes. If you create images, you can also use reverse image search to discover if anybody's reposting your work without permission.

Searching for particular phrases can be a goldmine for finding new things. For example, searching for "sounds like Chvrches", "similar to Jack Reacher" or "if you liked Breaking Bad" quickly uncovers lots of recommendations from relevant services, websites and discussion forums.  Sadly the same trick doesn't work so well with image searches – searching for "looks like Kevin Bacon" in Google Image Search mainly returns images of Kevin Bacon, although "looks like a horse" does show how unoriginal many supposedly hilarious photo jokes are.

As you might expect, replacing "songs by" with "books by" gives you more literary results, so searching for "books by Ian Rankin" displays a carousel of the Scottish crime fiction superstar's many works including novels, short stories and anthologies.  It's sorted in order of popularity, but there's a drop-down that you can use to sort by date instead. That's really useful if you've been recommended a particularly prolific writer or long-running series and want to start at the beginning.

If you're interested in the etymology of a word (that is, the origin of the word) then simply typing "etymology word" – where "word" is the word you're interested in – gives you an instant answer, so for example Google can tell you that "technology" is an early 17th Century term based on a combination of Greek and English words, and that the English word was also based on Greek. A drop-down provides full definitions, translations and other options.

Keywords in web page titles are crucial when it comes to optimising for search engines, and Google's "allintitle" operator makes it easy to see how many websites have specific terms in their page titles – so for example "allintitle: cheddar cheese" tells you that there are 227,000 pages with those words in the title.  Don't run too many allintitle searches in one sitting, though: Google's anti-bot algorithms might think you're running automated searches and may block you temporarily as a result.

If you're trying to access something online and you're blocked, for example because your office has a very strict internet filter, you might be able to bypass it using Google Translate. We say might, because this trick is known to some filtering companies and they've added the site to their block lists. To try it, search like this:  

http://translate.google.com/translate?sl=ja&tl=en&u=http://www.website.com/     where "ja" is the source language – which can be anything other than English – and En is the destination, which is English. Replace "www.website.com" with the URL of the page you're trying to see. Alternatively, try "cache:website.com" to access Google's cache rather than the site itself.

By default Google's search tools let you check news from the last hour, 24 hours, week, month and so on. But if you want to track something that's happening right now, you can tweak the search URL to narrow things down further. Carry out your search, set a time period and then look for "qdr:" in the URL. This uses hX for hours, nX for minutes and sX for seconds, so "qdr:h1" looks in the last hour, "qdr:n30" in the last 30 minutes and "qdr:s30" the last 30 seconds.

 

If you're searching for something that has as many critics as fans – a certain pop star, perhaps, or a controversial writer – then using Google's minus sign can make the internet a much nicer place: "taylor swift -sucks" or "famous writer -overrated" cuts the noise and snark you'll often find in name-based results.  You can also do the same to filter out other results you don't want, for example by excluding quackery from health-related searches or the word "faked" from a search about the moon landings.

One of Google's lesser-known operators is AROUND, which you can use to specify how close two search terms have to be. For example, let's say you want articles about Steve Jobs and Bill Gates, but you don't want every article mentioning them in passing. "steve jobs" AROUND(3) "bill gates" tells Google to look for those two terms, but that they must be within three words of one another.   Bing has a similar operator, but in the case of Microsoft's search engine it's NEAR.

If you like Google's search but aren't too keen on its privacy protection,Startpage.com may have the answer – it's a front-end to Google that doesn't track or record IP addresses and other identifying information.  The technique is simple enough: Startpage itself carries out the Google search on your behalf and then shows you the results. The downside, of course, is that you'll lose Google's personalisation and customisation because it doesn't know you from Adam – but for many that's a small price to pay.